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THE BEACH FISHING RIGS
 
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UPPER SHORT ARM RIG

Is a very eclectic rig. The basic design previews a medium-short arm, until 60 cm, mounted next the upper side of the line, on a leader with a steady sinker. The upper short is a rig that gives its best when we want a mobile presentation but not strictly in contact with the bottom. It is also the most used solution when we want to fish inside the wave’s corridors, mixed sand and rocks, or with vegetation. Fishes as White Sea Bream and Mediterranean Sea Bass absolutely do not stay away from this rig, especially with rough sea. On some occasions, and when we need the maximum aerodynamics and we want to avoid shacking the arm causing kinks, the baited hook is hold on the leader by means of a plastic or metal hook, the bait clip, that will free the arm just touching the surface of the water. The rig is also very sensitive, since the touch on an arm that rest away from the leader is without doubt more sharp, even with fish of smaller size. The diameter of the arm can be very varied, however, it must be said that often is with this rig that you are searching fish of larger size, especially in the outermost gullies of the beach, or at points where there is more current and foam, then behave of accordingly.

Execution: At the upper end of a piece of wire, more or less the same diameter of the Shock Leader and of length of about 1,2 m., we tie a N* 8 swivel which then will hang a N* 2 snap swivel with already positioned at the end of the Shock Leader. At about thirty cm. from the swivel we set a triple swivel or a joint where there will be hanged a 60 cm. arm with a hook on one extremity and one N* 12 snap swivel. At the lower extremity of the leader, a N* 2 snap swivel will hold the sinker we’ll use.

 

LOWER SHORT ARM RIG

Is a very eclectic rig. The basic design previews a medium-short arm, until 60 cm, mounted next the upper side of the line, on a leader with a steady sinker. The upper short is a rig that gives its best when we want a mobile presentation but not strictly in contact with the bottom. It is also the most used solution when we want to fish inside the wave’s corridors, mixed sand and rocks, or with vegetation. Fishes as White Sea Bream and Mediterranean Sea Bass absolutely do not stay away from this rig, especially with rough sea. On some occasions, and when we need the maximum aerodynamics and we want to avoid shacking the arm causing kinks, the baited hook is hold on the leader by means of a plastic or metal hook, the bait clip, that will free the arm just touching the surface of the water. The rig is also not very sensitive if not attacked by bigger fishes, because the touching of a fish upon an arm at a little distance from the sinker is without any doubt made less clear, especially with fish of smaller size. The diameter of the arm can be varied, however, it must be said that often is with this rig that we search fish of larger size, especially in the outermost gullies of the beach, or at points where there is more current and foam, then behave accordingly.

Execution: At the upper end of a piece of wire, more or less the same diameter of the Shock Leader and of length of about 1,2 m., we tie a N* 8 swivel which then will hang a N* 2 snap swivel with already positioned at the end of the Shock Leader. At about thirty cm. from the sinker we set a triple swivel or a joint where there will be hanged a 60 cm. arm with a hook on one extremity and one N* 12 snap swivel. At the lower extremity of the leader, a N* 2 snap swivel will hold the sinker we’ll use.

 

DOUBLE SHORT ARM RIG

This is a two-arm rig, a sort of Pater Noster rig with the arms much longer and of a length between 60 and 80 cm., made with nylon of 0.20 / 0.35 mm. according to the conditions of the sea, and armed with hooks proportionate to the bait you choose to use, in practice a Double Short rig, low and high, mounted on the same leader. The two arms can be derived from the same leader wire (for example: Dropper Loop) or added (as for the single Short) via a triple swivel or a joint, at a distance between them that should, of course, be of a dozen of cm. higher than that of the single Short Arm, in order to avoid overlaps and / or entanglement.

For example, for 80 cm long arms, we will set the joints at about 90 cm apart.

The bait, with which we're going to garnish hooks, may be different or same for both arms and will be the one, in the research phase, will product diversified catches. With this rig, there are many chances that our entertainment will have more success: the catches could be more frequent and we could realize nice “doubles” too. As all the “multi-hook”, it is not a rig for the long distance, given that the double arms and the double bait oppose a certain resistance during flight, but, if we consider that very often baits will be not particularly big, this will anyway allow us to reach the “grazing area” that you rarely find at prohibitive distances.

 

PATER NOSTER RIG

The most famous of all shore fishing rig, the "Pater Noster." It 'a very successful rig that also I use a lot with any kind of sea conditions and with all types of bottom, although if in some cases easily collects "tons" of algae. In this specific rig arms are three, which gives us the opportunity to simultaneously use three hooks with different diameters and three different baits. This, it is obvious that allows us to explore the "preferences" of the fish, and then choice the bait most appreciated. Another point in favor of Pater Noster is the three bait fishing in three different points of the bottom, with the first one that fishes directly on the sea bed, and the other two, the one higher the other. In the eventuality that the lower bait “gets lost” in the algae of the sea bed, the other two fishes “outside”, because their higher position.

Execution: At the end of the Shock Leader, we tie a N* 6/8 swivel and following a piece of line long enough of the same diameter of the same Shock Leader in which we shall realize by means a Dropper Knot (see The Knots), three arms long from about twenty cm. to forty cm. far each other. At the end of this very simple rig and at a distance that will not entangle the lower of the arms, we tie a robust N*2 snap swivel where we’ll hang the sinker we’ll use.

 

 

LOWER LONG ARM RIG

This rig is right the same of the Lower Short Rig, the only difference is in the arm that, in this case will be about 100/120 cm. long.


UPPER LONG ARM RIG

This rig is right the same of the Upper Short Rig, the only difference is in the arm that, in this case will be about 100/120 cm. long.


SLIDING TANDEM & SLIDING LONG ARM RIGS

A very simple rig, the Sliding Tandem Rig is the same of a Sliding Long Arm Rig, and owes its name to the fact it has two hooks lined up one behind the other, exactly in “tandem”, sliding because the arm will slide inside the holed sinker. Very attractive, thanks to its length that takes the bait or baits to move delicately cause the currents. Suitable for a calm sea or a little rough and for a bait of annelids, the vantage of this rig is that to point out at once the fish baiting to the rod, independently the sinker weight we’re going to use, because it is not an obstacle. The diameter and the length of the line, must be adapted so as any other rig, to the sea conditions.


CHOW CHOW RIG

Chow Chow Rig, is a rig that practically works as the Small Raft Rig (it owes its name to the fact that the movements it takes thanks being raised a few inches from the surface of the seabed by means of currents, appear as the Italian "greeting", "CIAO" precisely), our bait, here, can rise from the sea bed only few cm., over that, also if the action of both is the same, their structure is different. The Chow Chow Rig is used exclusively with big baits cut in fillets (squids, cuttlefish, and mullets), or, in other occasions, of fish baits, taking away their central bone: we can’t use worms.

It’s simple: At the end of a piece of wire length 150/200 cm tie a swivel N* 10, which then will be used as connection for the shock leader, with the help of a heated needle for bait (but not too big) or one of those used with sewing machine, we let pass the same fishing-line right to the center of the cork that previously we had suited as a cigarette, and tie the free end of the line to a consistent hook type Aberdeen or Blue Aberdeen, and, in any case, resistant, with extra-long shank and let it slide (the cork) carefully on the hook until the half, no more.

Execution Of the Bait: With a sharp knife we carve the body of the fish for about five (5) centimeters, before vertically from both the parts, and subsequently, to the height of the abdomen and for long, always from both the parts, but doing so that to hold it united from the back. Gently pull the engraved so to remove it entirely from the backbone. Open the obtained fillet and deposit the cigarette cork there in the middle, we close and tie twisting the sausage made, with plenty of elastic thread, making sure to leave out only the tip of the hook. We have to know that the effective action time of the sardine in the water is of about 2 or 2,5 hours, while of mullet is about 1 or 1,5 hour, when these, of course, are not touched by nibbles of small fishes, changes only their stability on the hook that differently the sardine, mullet’s flesh is more consistent.

SMALL RAFT RIG

This rig is considered absolutely one of the best in surfcasting fishing, because it is able to keep the bait raised from the bottom and keep the arm displaying, attracting lots of fishes with these movements. If the bait we are using is not heavy, it can raise until half a meter from the bottom, thing that is very important, especially with calm sea, where the “squeamish” fishes can find the natural motions of the bait more attractive. If, for example, we hook a “nice” all Bloody worm, than at the motion of the Small Raft Rig we add the bait motion, we do it really more attractive.

Execution: At a N*2 snap swivel, where we’ll hang the sinker and to a small plastic tube (as the one you find in the starlight’s pack or that one of the electric wires, that is needed to allay sinker’s solicitations), we insert the line of the shock leader, at its end we tie another N*2 snap swivel that is needed to stop the sinker’s run during the casts. Here we add a piece of about 60 cm. line with 0, 35 mm. diameter by an N*8 swivel and in the other side tie to a 40 cm piece of doubled thermo-solder wire for to be a little more rigid and that we had previously, in the middle, “incorporated” a piece of cork (the cork of a bottle is good) that will need then to let floating the rig. At the free end of the wire, we make a small loop where we’ll connect another piece of 40 cm line of 0, 35 mm. diameter with in its extremity the hook where will be “attached” the bait. Of course, the hook will be choose depending the sea conditions, at the type of bait, and at the volume of this. The created rig will be sliding and will have not any obstruction from the sinker.